Publication Date



World Neurosurgery


OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors associated with in-hospital seizures and new-onset epilepsy in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) who underwent coiling embolization or clipping surgery.

METHODS: This retrospective descriptive study included 195 patients diagnosed with aneurysmal SAH and treated with coiling embolization or clipping surgery between January 2018 and June 2022.

RESULTS: Among the 195 patients meeting inclusion criteria, 9 experienced an onset seizure at the time of SAH. In-hospital seizures were observed in 33 patients, of which 24 were electrographic seizures detected in 24 patients with suspected subclinical seizures. After 12 months of follow-up, 11 patients met criteria for diagnosis of epilepsy. The incidence of epilepsy after discharge at 12 months was 2.41% in the coiling group and 8.03% in the clipping group. The risk of in-hospital seizures was significantly higher in the clipping group (P = 0.007), although the difference was not statistically significant after 12 months of follow-up (P = 0.121).

CONCLUSIONS: Epilepsy following aneurysmal SAH was relatively common. Clipping surgery and brain edema emerged as independent predictive factors for in-hospital seizures, while onset seizures and in-hospital seizures were identified as independent predictors of epilepsy during follow-up. Patients presenting with these risk factors may benefit from long-term electroencephalogram monitoring and should be considered for prophylactic antiepileptic drugs. Additionally, lumbar drainage proved effective in improving both early and late epileptic outcomes in the group with Fisher grades 3 and 4.


Aneurysm, Epilepsy, Long-term electroencephalogram, Lumbar drainage, Subarachnoid hemorrhage



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