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INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma poses significant challenges in kidney diseases, particularly in the context of the T3 stage, where treatment strategies remain controversial. The utilization of laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, particularly in developing countries, has been restricted for such patients, primarily due to limited infrastructure and concerns about recurrence risk and long-term pathologic outcomes.

PRESENTATION OF CASE: In this report, we present a case of a 64-year-old male diagnosed with T3aN0M0 renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Abdominal computed tomography revealed a 5.2 × 5.2 × 5.1 cm mass on the right upper part of the kidney with a possible thrombus in the superior renal polar vein. The patient underwent successful treatment with retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN), leading to the preservation of kidney function with/min/1.73 m2 GFR reduced after one year postoperative (estimated GFR from 85 mL/min/1.73 m2 to 81.79 mL/min/1.73 m2). The patient was discharged after three days; no recurrence was observed during the follow-up.

DISCUSSION: For stage T3a RCC, studies show that LPN induces comparable long-term outcomes to radical nephrectomy, with advantages such as preserved kidney function, reduced operative time, blood loss, and shorter hospital stays. However, due to infrastructure constraints and limited access to robotic-assisted surgery in our country, coupled with concerns about tumor recurrence, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy is predominantly employed for similar patients. Our case represents one of the very first cases in which we successfully treated a patient diagnosed with T3a RCC using retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is a reliable choice for T3aN0M0 RCC with good long-term outcomes and preserved renal function, especially by the hands of an experienced laparoscopic surgeon.


Developing countries, Partial nephrectomy, Preserved kidney function, Renal cell carcinoma, T3a stage



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