Publication Date



Orthopedic Reviews


Chronic knee pain, affecting over 25% of adults in the United States, has surged by 65% over the past two decades leading to rising functional deficits, mobility problems, and a diminished quality of life. While conservative management with pharmacologic and minimally invasive injections are pursued early in the disease process, total knee arthroplasty for refractory osteoarthritis of the knee is often considered. This procedure usually improves pain and functionality within the first three months. However, a significant portion of patients often suffer from postoperative pain that can become chronic and debilitating. We detail the case of a patient with a previous TKA as well as a non-operable patella fracture who obtained significant relief with PNS despite prior conservative and minimally invasive management.


peripheral nerve stimulation, neuromodulation, chronic pain, neuropathic pain, chronic knee pain



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