Publication Date



Biology DIrect


BACKGROUND: Regulator of chromosome condensation 2 (RCC2) was a telophase disk-binding protein on mitosis, and functions as an oncogene in many human cancers. However, its role on prostate cancer (PCa) was unknown. The goal of this study is to explore the function of RCC 2 on PCa development.

METHODS: The expression of RCC2 and its methylation level, its correlation with lymph node metastasis or disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed using TCGA database. The effect of RCC2 on PCa cell proliferation, migration and invasion were detected using CCK-8, cell colony formation, Transwell and wood healing assays. RNA-seq and GSEA analysis were used to search the downstream genes and pathways of RCC2 in mediated PCa progression. Western blot was used to detect the proteins in PCa cells transfected with indicated siRNAs or plasmids.

RESULTS: RCC2 had high expression and low promoter methylation level in PCa, and its expression was correlated with regional node metastasis and disease-free survival. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT of PCa cells in vitro were greatly enhanced after RCC2 overexpression, while the RCC2 knockdown suppressed these processes. RNA-seq and GSEA results showed the Hedgehog signaling regulator Gli1 and Gli3 were involved in RCC2 knockdown DU145 cells. Gli1 was also a marker of cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). Mechanistically, RCC2 induced cell growth, EMT, CSCs markers through Gli1; inhibiting Gli1 expression using siGli1 or GLI inhibitor suppressed cell progression in vitro and tumor growth in vivo.

CONCLUSION: In summary, RCC2 promoted PCa development through Hh/Gli1 signaling pathway via regulating EMT and CSCs.


Humans, Male, Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Proliferation, Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone, Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors, Hedgehog Proteins, Prostatic Neoplasms, Signal Transduction, Zinc Finger Protein GLI1



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.