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Rapid detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) in the Klebsiella species is desirable. The MALDI Biotyper® MBT Subtyping Module (Bruker Daltonics) uses an algorithm that detects a peak at ~11,109 m/z corresponding to a protein encoded by the p019 gene to detect KPC simultaneously with organism identification by a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization–time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF MS). Here, the subtyping module was evaluated using 795 clinical Klebsiella isolates, with whole genome sequences used to assess for blaKPC and p019. For the isolates identified as KPC positive by sequencing, the overall sensitivity of the MALDI-ToF MS subtyping module was 239/574 (42%) with 100% specificity. For the isolates harboring p019, the subtyping module showed a sensitivity of 97% (239/246) and a specificity of 100%. The subtyping module had poor sensitivity for the detection of blaKPC-positive Klebsiella isolates, albeit exhibiting excellent specificity. The poor sensitivity was a result of p019 being present in only 43% of the blaKPC-positive Klebsiella isolates.


carbapenem resistance, CRE, Klebsiella, KPC, MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry

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