Journal Articles

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BACKGROUND: Prehospital automated large vessel occlusion (LVO) detection in Mobile Stroke Units (MSUs) could accelerate identification and treatment of patients with LVO acute ischemic stroke. Here, we evaluate the performance of a machine learning (ML) model on CT angiograms (CTAs) obtained from 2 MSUs to detect LVO.

METHODS: Patients evaluated on MSUs in Houston and Los Angeles with out-of-hospital CTAs were identified. Anterior circulation LVO was defined as an occlusion of the intracranial internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery (M1 or M2), or anterior cerebral artery vessels and determined by an expert human reader. A ML model to detect LVO was trained and tested on independent data sets consisting of in-hospital CTAs and then tested on MSU CTA images. Model performance was determined using area under the receiver-operator curve statistics.

RESULTS: Among 68 patients with out-of-hospital MSU CTAs, 40% had an LVO. The most common occlusion location was the middle cerebral artery M1 segment (59%), followed by the internal carotid artery (30%), and middle cerebral artery M2 (11%). Median time from last known well to CTA imaging was 88.0 (interquartile range, 59.5-196.0) minutes. After training on 870 in-hospital CTAs, the ML model performed well in identifying LVO in a separate in-hospital data set of 441 images with area under receiver-operator curve of 0.84 (95% CI, 0.80-0.87). ML algorithm analysis time was under 1 minute. The performance of the ML model on the MSU CTA images was comparable with area under receiver-operator curve 0.80 (95% CI, 0.71-0.89). There was no significant difference in performance between the Houston and Los Angeles MSU CTA cohorts.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study of patients evaluated on MSUs in 2 cities, a ML algorithm was able to accurately and rapidly detect LVO using prehospital CTA acquisitions.


Angiography, Computed Tomography Angiography, Humans, Ischemic Stroke, Machine Learning, Stroke, Tomography, X-Ray Computed



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