Journal Articles

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Spinal Cord


STUDY DESIGN: Randomized-controlled trial (RCT) with immediate intervention (IMM) and wait-list control (WLC) groups; WLC participants received the intervention during delivery to subsequent cohorts.

OBJECTIVES: Investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of a virtually-delivered exercise intervention.

SETTING: Home and community.

METHODS: A total of 168 middle-aged (49.6 [12.3] years old) men (57%) and women (43%) who lived an average 15.5 (12.3) years with spinal cord injury (SCI) participated. The 16-week program provides users (a) website access with exercise information, resources, and 16 skill-building modules; (b) virtual 60-minute, group-based weekly meetings; and (c) a starter package of exercise equipment. Primary outcomes included subjective physical activity (IPAQ) and objective exercise (Polar A300 wrist-based activity monitor and H7 heart rate strap). Secondary outcomes included fitness indices during a maximal arm crank test, plus self-reported exercise barriers, exercise self-efficacy, and goal-directed thinking.

RESULTS: RCT results indicate significant between group differences in participants' self-reported weekly time spent in vigorous-intensity PA and goal directed thinking but not for fitness changes. Data combined for IMM and WLC participants from Polar monitoring show participants performed 150 min per week of aerobic exercise plus reported significantly greater time spent in moderate-PA, vigorous-PA, self-efficacy for exercise and nutrition, goal directed thinking, and exercise barriers. Oxygen uptake (V̇O

CONCLUSION: This virtually-delivered program offers a promising approach to increase exercise among those with SCI and may help participants perceive fewer motivational barriers and greater self-efficacy.


Child, Exercise, Feasibility Studies, Female, Humans, Internet, Internet-Based Intervention, Male, Middle Aged, Oxygen, Spinal Cord Injuries

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