Journal Articles

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Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience


Recent evidence shows that neuroinflammation plays a role in many neurological diseases including mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and that free water (FW) modeling from clinically acquired diffusion MRI (DTI-like acquisitions) can be sensitive to this phenomenon. This FW index measures the fraction of the diffusion signal explained by isotropically unconstrained water, as estimated from a bi-tensor model. In this study, we developed a simple but powerful whole-brain FW measure designed for easy translation to clinical settings and potential use as a priori outcome measure in clinical trials. These simple FW measures use a "safe" white matter (WM) mask without gray matter (GM)/CSF partial volume contamination (


Alzheimer disease; diffusion MRI; diffusion tensor imaging; free water; mild cognitive impairment; neuroinflammation; white matter; white matter hyper intensity

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