Date of Graduation
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Andrew J. Bean
Post-translational protein modifications are critical regulators of protein functions as they expand the signaling potentials of the modified proteins, leading to diverse physiological consequences. Currently, increasing evidence suggests that protein methylation is as important as other post-translational modifications in the regulation of various biological processes. This drives us to ask whether methylation is involved in the EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) signaling, a biological process extensively regulated by multiple post-translational modifications including phosphorylation, glycosylation and ubiquitination. We found that EGFR R1175 is methylated by a protein arginine methyltransferase named PRMT5. During EGFR activation, PRMT5-mediated R1175 methylation specifically enhances EGF-induced EGFR autophosphorylation at Y1173 residue. This novel modification crosstalk increases SHP1 recruitment to EGFR and suppresses EGFR-mediated ERK activation, resulting in inhibition of cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of EGFR-expressing cells. Based on these findings, we provide the first link between arginine methylation and tyrosine phosphorylation and identify R1175 methylation as an inhibitory modification specifically against EGFR-mediated ERK activation.
EGFR, PRMT5, Protein Arginine Methylation, ERK, SHP1