Journal Articles

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Biomedical Research International


INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of anti-bone morphogenetic protein 2 monoclonal antibody (anti-BMP-2 mAb) to functionalize scaffolds to mediate bone regeneration in a canine model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mandibular right premolar 4 (PM4) was extracted in eight beagle dogs and grafted with anti-BMP-2 mAb+anorganic bovine bone mineral with 10% collagen (ABBM-C) and porcine bilayer native collagen membrane (CM). The ABBM-C and CM were functionalized with either anti-BMP-2 mAb (test group) or an isotype matched control mAb (control group). Animals were euthanized at 12 weeks for radiographic, histologic, and histomorphometric analyses. Outcomes were compared between groups.

RESULTS: 3D imaging using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) revealed that sites treated with ABBM-C and CM functionalized with anti-BMP-2 mAb exhibited significantly more remaining bone width near the alveolar crest, as well as buccal bone height, compared with control groups. Histologic and histomorphometric analyses demonstrated that in anti-BMP-2 mAb-treated sites, total tissue volume was significantly higher in the coronal part of the alveolar bone crest compared with control sites. In anti-BMP-2 mAb-treated sites, bone formation was observed under the barrier membrane.

CONCLUSION: Functionalization of the ABBM-C scaffold and CM appeared to have led to bone formation within healing alveolar bone sockets.


Alveolar Process, Anatomic Landmarks, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Bicuspid, Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2, Cone-Beam Computed Tomography, Disease Models, Animal, Dogs, Mandible, Membranes, Organ Size, Tissue Scaffolds

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