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INTRODUCTION: Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) account for up to one-half of the total genetic contribution to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) risk. The study investigated the association of HLA class II genotyping with RA susceptibility in Sudanese ethnic groups.

METHODS: The DRB1 and DQB1 alleles and haplotypes were determined in 122 RA patients (i.e., Gaalia = 54, Johayna = 24, Baggara = 17, Nile Nubian = 12, and others = 15) and 120 healthy controls of ethnic groups (i.e., Gaalia = 44, Johayna = 11, Baggara = 15, Nile Nubian = 9, and others = 21) using a polymerase chain reaction with sequence-specific primers method.

RESULTS: Susceptibility to RA was associated with a high frequency of DRB1*04 (P = 0.04), DRB1*10 (P = 0.04), and DQB1*03 (P = 2.2 x 10

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate an association between HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 genotypes and the susceptibility to RA in the Sudanese population, with a moderate frequency between our ethnic groups.


human leukocyte antigen, rheumatoid factor, anti-ccp, hla-dqb1, hla-drb1, rheumatoid arthritis

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