Journal Articles

Publication Date



Frontiers in Neurology


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Early neurological deterioration (END) occurs in up to one-third of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and associated with poor outcome. The role of serum bilirubin in END remains controversial. This study aims to investigate the association of total bilirubin (TBIL), direct bilirubin (DBIL) and indirect bilirubin (IBIL) with END.

METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional retrospective study with 344 AIS patients enrolled. We retrospectively reviewed consecutive AIS patients with END through a medical record retrieval system and enrolled patients as control randomly from the AIS patients without END at the same period. The bilirubin levels were compared between the END group and No END group. The correlations of bilirubin with END were assessed according to the bilirubin tertiles on the cohort of different genders.

RESULTS: In women, as the bilirubin level increased, the occurrence of END showed an increasing trend. The linear association was significant based on the tertiles of all bilirubin types (TBIL

DISCUSSION: There were gender differences in the relationship between bilirubin and END, and DBIL level was positively associated with END occurrence in women, not in men. DBIL had greater incremental predictive value for END than TBIL and IBIL.


Bilirubin, Cerebral Infarction, Clinical Deterioration, Ischemic Stroke, Prognosis



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