Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common finding in patients with heart failure and is well-known for its deleterious effects on cardiac function and hemodynamics; however, there are gaps in knowledge regarding the impact of AF on patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).
Methods: In this study, we searched PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases through September 2021 to find articles that assessed the outcomes of AF in patients with LVADs.
Results: A total of 12 studies that underwent systematic review evaluated the outcomes of 7853 adult patients. The meta-analysis analyzed findings from a total of 1003 patients. Pooled findings indicated a 25% higher risk of mortality in patients with AF as compared to those in sinus rhythm (P = .02). No statistically significant differences in mortality were noted between patients with paroxysmal AF or persistent AF (P = .13). No statistically significant differences were noted between the groups in terms of bleeding (P = .70). There was an increased risk of thromboembolism in patients with sinus rhythm compared to those with AF (P < .001).
Conclusion: The presence of AF was not found to be associated with an increased risk of bleeding or thromboembolism but may be associated with increased mortality.
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Buttar, Chandan; Lakhdar, Sofia; Nassar, Mahmood; Nso, Nso; Collura, Giovina; and Munira, Most Sirajum
"Impact of Atrial Fibrillation on Outcomes after Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,"
The VAD Journal: Vol. 8(1)
Available at: https://digitalcommons.library.tmc.edu/vad/vol8/iss1/6