Publication Date



JACC: Basic to Translational Science


Heart failure has a high mortality rate, and current therapies offer limited benefits. The authors demonstrate that activation of the central nervous system leptin-melanocortin pathway confers remarkable protection against progressive heart failure following severe myocardial infarction. The beneficial cardiac-protective actions of leptin require activation of brain melanocortin-4 receptors and elicit improvements in cardiac substrate oxidation, cardiomyocyte contractility, Ca


AMPK, adenosine monophosphate–activated protein kinase; BP, blood pressure; CNS, central nervous system; HF, heart failure; HR, heart rate; ICV, intracerebroventricular; LV, left ventricular; MC4R; MC4R, melanocortin-4 receptor; MI, myocardial infarction; MTII, melanotan II; appetite; blood pressure; cardiac metabolism; heart failure; mTOR, mechanistic target of rapamycin



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